Ohio State University
School of Music
Characterizing Affect Using Hevner's Adjective Circle - Problems
One problem with Hevner's adjective circle is that there
are not equivalent numbers of terms in each of the eight
Simply by chance, this reduces the score for groups with
In the following revised circle, additional terms have
been added so each group has the same number of terms.
Another problem with the adjective circle layout is that
listeners are likely to focus on terms within one or
two neighboring categories.
A better approach to coding affect would be to randomly
arrange all of the terms in a single list, and have
listeners check those terms that apply.
The experimenter can then code each term according
to its numerical category, and then tally up the number
of terms in each category.
Back to original Hevner Circle
This document is available at